Know Your Facts Before Buying: Part Two - Weaves | Roxyma Dream UK

Know Your Facts Before Buying: Part Two - Weaves

We face yet another dilemma when it comes to choosing the perfect fabric for any type of soft furnishings for our homes, and that is the weaves. There is a vast variety in that field, where some are more appropriate for bed linen; others are more suitable for curtains and bedspreads. To help us make an informed selection, we need to fully understand what the term ‘weave’ means and what the various types are. 

So what is a weave?

The weave is the method used to woven a fabric. In other words, the way in which the horizontal (the ‘warp’) and vertical (‘weft’) threads (yarns) are intertwined.

There are many different types of weaves used in the textile industry with some more suitable to specific fabrics than others. A material will look and feel different depending on the weave that has been applied to it to create certain products. Below are a few of the most common and basic weave types used so that the next time you go shopping you have facts and knowledge for comparison.

Types of weaves:

Plain

  • This is where each vertical and horizontal thread overlay each other alternatively as shown on the picture.
  • It is the simplest, cheapest and most common weave type used to manufacture fabrics used for various purposes.
  • Possessing durability and breathability qualities, it has a flat and tight surface and is conductive to printing and other finishes which would soften its feel against the skin.
  • Variations of a plain weave are the ordinary 100% cotton, percale and flannel and cotton.

Plain Weave


Percale

  • This is a higher quality of cotton weave, where the threads are a lot tighter.
  • It is popular for its matt finish and is typically no less than 180 thread counts.
  • It differentiates to the plain weave, in a way that it is rather crisp and cool to the touch (when rubbed between your hands, creates a certain sound)
  • It is mainly used as a higher quality bedding, one gives a ‘4* star hotel’ look and feel.

 

Sateen vs Satin

Many confuse these two terms mainly because a lot of companies either don’t make it clear to the cutomer or simply abuse your trust for their gains. The truth is that the weave construction of the 2 is exactly the same but their properties change and have a different purpose depending on the type of filament fibre used. Here are the basic facts:

  • The weave construction is a 4 threads over and 1 under giving the fabric a ‘wet face’ and a simpler ‘dull’ reverse
  • This structure gives the fabric an exceptionally soft, glossy surface which drapes beautifully and creates a luxurious sheen.
  • It also creates more warmth by trapping air in.

Sateen/Satin Weave

The difference

  • It is called satin when silk and nylon yarns are used to make the fabric; and sateen when cotton is used.
  • Silk and cotton are natural filaments which make the fabric moisture absorbent and breathable; Polyester is synthetic, so a satin weave can be very uncomfortable causing one to sweat, and also irritate sensitive skin.
  • Satin made from polyester is usually a lot cheaper, so this type of bedding might look like a bargain.
  • Silk satin, on the other hand, would be extremely expensive and it might put you off this weave construction completely.
  • Sateen, however, is the winning middle ground as the natural cotton fibres make it not only hypoallergenic, but a fabric taking full advantage of all the great properties this weave has to offer.

 

Jacquard

Jacquard weave

This is one of the more complex and more expensive weaves to produce as it requires a lot more technique and precise work than the others. It is very rewarding and beautiful one, nonetheless. Many bed linen companies have recently started using fabrics in this weave to create more luxurious looking collections, but originally it was mainly used for upholstery, curtains, bedspreads and cushions. The structure of the weave is woven by adding multiple layers of horizontal threads to form a Three-Dimensional pattern. This in turn creates a pattern within the pattern, multicolour and a gloss effect look (it can either be all or just one). This weave is known to be a lot more durable and sustainable (again depending on the type of thread, low quality offers no guarantees) as the colour, for instance,  is tangible as opposed to a printed pattern that could simply wash away in time.

These are all the basic and most widely used weaves when producing fabrics for soft furnishings and interior designs. There are many others with similar structures, but knowing the above provides a basic knowledge on the topic and it will hopefully help you shop in the future!

Please feel free to ask for any further information you might need in a comment below!

 

Keep dreaming,

Aleks RD UK x


Aleksandrina Zaharieva
Aleksandrina Zaharieva

Author



1 Comment

Kleber
Kleber

June 24, 2015

Wow, This is a great webadsite. It really retfecls you. I love your bio, the process of weavading is great ( peoadple can see the amount of work and planadning needed). The peradsonal picadtures are also fabaduadlous to know who you are as a peradson. Oh, LOGO is peradfect!!! can you pick and pick that?? anyadway you once again hit the mark so all the stress and work was well worth it! suzanne

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